All images and content are copyright. Please contact the Web Minion if you wish to use anything from the site. Also: if you find a broken link please let us know. There are so many here that it is difficult to ensure they all remain current.
We would like to thank the following who provided sources of material: the success of this site is attributable to their generosity, but any mistakes are ours. The huge list of people is in the order in which we approached them for source material. The web sites are in order of the historical period of the material. The books are in alphabetical order of author. None of this implies any preferences!
Kendal Museum, Kendal, Cumbria, UK: Sound of the pack pony bell collar (17th Century page)
The Council of the Fell Pony Society: for their support and encouragement and use of Archive material
Clive Richardson, Ulverston, Cumbria: Much detail, largely from "The Fell Pony", about the history of the breed; also for some images and a great deal of discussion of the project
David Trotter, Tebay, Penrith, Cumbria: Interview material about farming
John Gate, Tebay, Penrith, Cumbria: Interview material about farming
Barbara Müller, Chairman of the Fell Pony Society in Germany: Images of Fell Ponies, and much helpful advice
Paul Metcalfe, Killington, Cumbria: Interview material about trotting
Jennie Hill, Greenholme, Tebay, Penrith, Cumbria: Images of farming and deer stalking in the 1940s
Thomas Capstick, Murthwaite, Sedbergh, Cumbria: Photographs of Fell ponies, Murthwaite youngstock and Tebay Jenny
Andrew Humphries, Ivegill, Penrith, Cumbria: Assistance with photo material from "Seeds of Change" 1996, a centenary celebration of Newton Rigg's "Farm School"
Bill Mossop, MD of the "Cumberland and Westmorland Herald" : Photographs from "Westmorland Agriculture 1800-1900" 1910, by FW Garnett (Fell Pony Society secretary)
County Archives, Kendal: For their patience in bringing out the FPS archive and innumerable maps of the borders of Cumberland and Westmorland
Kendal Library Local Collection: Access to prints and to Microfiche copies of the "Westmorland Gazette".
Alison O'Neill: Photograph of Fell pony Tebay Vespa
Mr & Mrs Morland, Lunesdale Stud : Video clips of Fells in action
Mr & Mrs W S Potter, Greenholme Stud : Photographs of Fells
Andersson, L. S. et al. (2012). Mutations in DMRT3 affect locomotion in horses and spinal circuit function in mice. Nature, 488: 642-646 DOI: 10.1038/nature11399
Appleby, Records of the Ancient Corporation, Memoranda/Minute book, Volume 1 - 1614-1661 (WSMB/A) in the County Record Office in Kendal.
AUSTEN, J, 1813, Pride and Prejudice.
ATKIN, M, Viking Race Courses? ENGLISH PLACE NAME SOCIETY, Journal 10 (1977-1978)
ASHE, G, 1985: The Discovery of King Arthur (London: Guild Publishing)
BAILEY and CULLEY, 1794: A General View of the Agriculture of Cumberland. (Board of Agriculture, later the Royal Agricultural Society; the copy in Carlisle Library printed in Newcastle in 1797 binds the Northumberland survey with the Cumberland one and with that of Anthony Pringle for Westmorland, see below)
BEAUFORT, Duke of, 1890, reprinted 1986: Badminton Library: Driving (reprint, Southampton: Ashford Press)
BREEZE, D J, 1983: Roman Forts in Britain (Princes Risborough UK: Shire Archaeology)
BRIGDEN, R, 1983: Agricultural Hand Tools (Shire Albums)
BOWDEN, C, 2001: The Last Horsemen (London: Granada / Andre Deutsch)
BOWMAN, A K, 1994: Life and Letters on the Roman Frontier (New York: Routledge)
CAMDEN, 1607, Britannia p 692-3
CHARLTON, R B, 1952: A Lifetime with Ponies (London: Hodder and Stoughton)
CHARTRAND, Magnusson, Heath, Harrison & Durham, 2006. The Vikings: voyagers of discovery and plunder. Osprey Publishing.
CHURCH, A J, & BRODRIBB, W J, 1942: The Complete Works of Tacitus
CLUTTON-BROCK, J, 1992: Horse Power (London: Natural History Museum)
DEFOE, D, 1724 - 1727: A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain, Letter XXI, cited in Dent, 1962: A History of British Native Ponies, p170.DENT, A & MACHIN-GOODALL, D, 1962: Foals of Epona (Galley Press) reprinted 1988 as A History of British Native Ponies (London: J A Allen)
DENT, A, 1987: Horses in Shakespeare's England (London: J A Allen)
DEPARTMENT of Environment 1963: Shap Abbey (London: HMSO)
EWART, G E, 1974: The Farm and The Village
FAWCETT, W, 1935: Horses and Ponies (London: Routledge)
FELL PONY SOCIETY, 1981: Fell Pony Society Stud Books 1898-1980, and annual updates thereafter (Cumbria, UK: FPS); Reports, 1912 onward
FITZGERALD, I, 2000: Dales Ponies (Suffolk, UK: Whittet Books)
GOODRICH, SG, 1859: Illustrated Natural History of the Animal Kingdom, DERBY & JACKSON, New York.
GOULD, J, 1998: Letocetum: the Rise and Decline of a Roman Posting Station. (Walsall, UK: Gould)
HARPER, K (compiler), 2002: Life on an Eden Valley Farm: Growing up in the 1920s. Recollections from Eden Day Care Centres, Jubilee Celebrations. (Penrith, Cumbria: Age Concern Eden) Priced @ £1.50: tel +44 (0) 1768 863618
HINDLE, P, (3rd ed 1998): Medieval Roads and Tracks (Princes Risborough: Shire Archaeology series)
HODGSON, N, 2000: "Where did they put the horses?" revisited: the recent discovery of cavalry barracks in the Roman forts at Wallsend and South Shields on Hadrian's Wall. In Freeman, Bennett, Fiema and Hoffmann Edd., "Limes XVIII" (Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Amman, Jordan: 887-894.)
HUMPHRIES A, 1996: Seeds of Change (Penrith, Cumbria UK: Newton Rigg)
HYLAND, A, 1990: Equus: The Horse in the Roman World (London: Batsford)
HYLAND, A, 1999: The Horse in the Middle Ages (Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing)
LAMBERT, J et al, 1996: Transect Through Time (Lancaster, UK: Lancaster Imprints)
LAWRENCE, J, 1829: The horse in all his varieties (London)
LEWIS, S, 1851: TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY of SCOTLAND. LONDON:
S. LEWIS AND CO.
LYSONS, D & LYSONS, S [date uncertain: 1880s?]: Topographical and Historical Account of the County of Cumberland (London: Cadell)
MARKHAM G, 1660: The Horseman's Honour or The Beautie of Horsemanship
MILLARD, S, 2005: Hoofprints in Eden (Hayloft, Kirkby Stephen, UK) £17.00
MOORE, W, 2009: Wedlock (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson)
MORGAN, M, 2004: Wellington's Victories. A Guide to Sharpe's Army 1797 - 1815 p. 55. (Michael O'Mara Books Ltd.)
PIGOT AND SLATER, (1850s): Topography of the British Isles
POLO PONY STUD BOOK, 1898-1902: Vols V to VIII
PRINGLE, A, 1794: A General View of the Agriculture of the County of Westmorland (Board of Agriculture, later the Royal Agricultural Society)
RICHARDSON, C, 1990: The Fell Pony (London: J A Allen)
ROLLINSON W, 1996: Life and Traditions of the Lake District (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson)
SPREULL, J, 1706: The Accompt Current between England and Scotland Balanced, cited in Dent, 1962: A History of British Native Ponies, p169.
STEPHENS, H, 1860. The Book of the Farm. Available via Google books
TODD, Dr J, 2003: Agriculture 750 Years Ago; speaking to Shap Local History Society, April 2003
WESTMORLAND GAZETTE: back numbers from 1818 on microfiche in Kendal Library Local Collection
WILDMAN, S G, 1971: The Black Horsemen (London: John Baker)
WILLIAMS, D, 1997: Late Saxon Stirrup-Strap Mounts (CBA Res Rep III)
WILLIAMS, L A, 1975: Road Transport in Cumbria in the Nineteenth Century (London: G Allen and Unwin)
WILKINSON, P, 2000: What the Romans Did For Us (London: Boxtree)
WILSON, J, 1978: A Cumbrian Blacksmith (Clapham, Lancs, UK: Dalesman Publications)
WILSON, W, 1885 (reprinted 1983): Coaching in Lakeland (reprinted Carlisle: Carel Press)
WORLD OF WONDER MAGAZINE, 1933(?), collected issues (London: Fleetway House)
http://www.curlesnewstead.org.uk/index.htm Curle, J, 1911: A ROMAN FRONTIER POST AND ITS PEOPLE; The Fort of Newstead in the Parish of Melrose. James Maclehose and Sons for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
http://www.morgue.demon.co.uk/ THE ROMAN ARMY & NAVY IN BRITANNIA 55 BC-410 AD; maintained by Peter Green
http://www.Roman-Britain.org/main.htm/ (Excellent resource on Roman legionary and other military information, Roman Inscriptions in Britain, locations, maps.)
http://www.epona.net/timeline.html a scholarly resource on the Horse Goddess, Eponahttp://www.karljones.com/science/nature/horses.asp (Pliny the Elder, on Horses - from Naturalis Historia.)
http://www.morgue.demon.co.uk/Britannia.html (Roman Military Sites in Britain.)
http://www.splash.it/cultura/latino/tacito/historiae/1/ (Tacitus: Historiae, in Latin.)
http://scholar.chem.nyu.edu/tekpages/harness.html (Methods of harnessing horses)
http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/gawmenu.htm (Arthurian information.)
http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~tomgreen/index.html (Arthurian information.)
http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/abmap/index.cfm (Animal Bone Metrical Archive Project, University of Southampton)
http://www.huntington.org/LibraryDiv/ChaucerPict.html (The Huntington Library's Chaucer manuscripts.)
http://ln.doubleclick.net/adl/tr.ln/member (Danes in Yorkshire.)
http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/eau/forum97.htm#Johnstone (Abstract of paper discussing horse sizes from 600 BC to AD 1600.)
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1577harrison-england.html#Chapter XII (late 16th C England)
http://stat-acc-scot.edina.ac.uk/sas/sas.asp/?session-id=02eb1978d6ade522932e8b3ad277e7da&naecache=230&action=public (Scottish Statistical Surveys 1791-1799; requires login)
http://www.pastpresented.info/index.htm "Past Presented", an online transcript of the "Cumberland Chronicle or Whitehaven Intelligencer"
http://www.ordsvy.gov.uk/getamap/ Ordnance Survey free service